Course Content
Theme 1 – Numeration
Theme 2 – Roman-Numerals
Theme 3 – Addition and Subtraction
Theme 4 – Multiplication
Theme 5 – Division
Theme 6 – Factors and Multiples
Theme 7 – Fractions
Theme 8 – Decimals
Theme 9 – Money
Theme 10 – Time
Theme 11 – Measurements
Theme 12 – Area and Perimeter
Theme 13 – Introduction of Geometry
Theme 14 – Polygons
Theme 15 – Data Interpretation
Mathematics – 4
About Lesson

Theme 2: Roman Numerals in Class 4 Math

Roman numerals are an ancient numeral system that originated in ancient Rome. In Class 4 Math, students are introduced to Roman numerals, fostering an understanding of their basic principles and applications.

1. Roman Numeral Symbols:
– **I, V, X, L, C, D, M:** Familiarizing students with the basic symbols used in Roman numerals.

2. Understanding Value:
– **Symbolic Representation:** Recognizing that each Roman numeral symbol represents a specific value.
– **Basic Values:** Understanding the values of I (1), V (5), X (10), L (50), C (100), D (500), and M (1000).

3. Building Numbers:
– **Combining Symbols:** Forming larger numbers by combining Roman numeral symbols.
– **Examples:** Creating and reading numbers such as III (3), IX (9), XV (15), and XL (40).

4. Subtracting Values:
– **Subtractive Notation:** Understanding the concept of subtracting values in Roman numerals.
– **Examples:** Exploring symbols like IV (4) and IX (9) as examples of subtractive notation.

5. Basic Conversions:
– **Roman to Arabic Numerals:** Learning to convert Roman numerals to standard Arabic numerals.
– **Arabic to Roman Numerals:** Understanding the reverse process of converting standard numerals to Roman numerals.

6. Roman Numerals in Clocks and Watches:
– **Clock Faces:** Recognizing the use of Roman numerals on clock and watch faces.
– **Telling Time:** Understanding how Roman numerals are used to indicate hours on timepieces.

7. Years and Dates:
– **Historical Context:** Exploring the use of Roman numerals in historical contexts, especially for dating events.
– **Modern Applications:** Understanding how Roman numerals are still used in copyright dates, movie credits, etc.

8. Games and Puzzles:
– **Engagement through Games:** Introducing games and puzzles that involve Roman numerals for interactive learning.
– **Problem-Solving:** Applying Roman numeral knowledge to solve puzzles and challenges.

9. Practical Applications:
– **Inscriptions and Monuments:** Understanding the presence of Roman numerals on inscriptions, monuments, and public structures.
– **Educational Significance:** Recognizing the cultural and historical significance of Roman numerals.

10. Art and Design:
– **Roman Numerals in Art:** Exploring how Roman numerals are used in artistic contexts.
– **Creating Roman Numeral Art:** Engaging in creative activities that involve using Roman numerals in artwork.

The study of Roman numerals in Class 4 Math not only provides a historical perspective but also enhances problem-solving skills and promotes a deeper understanding of numerical systems. The practical applications and engagement through games make learning Roman numerals an interactive and enriching experience for students.