Course Content
Theme 1 – Numeration
Theme 2 – Roman-Numerals
Theme 3 – Addition and Subtraction
Theme 4 – Multiplication
Theme 5 – Division
Theme 6 – Factors and Multiples
Theme 7 – Fractions
Theme 8 – Decimals
Theme 9 – Money
Theme 10 – Time
Theme 11 – Measurements
Theme 12 – Area and Perimeter
Theme 13 – Introduction of Geometry
Theme 14 – Polygons
Theme 15 – Data Interpretation
Mathematics – 4
About Lesson

 Theme 7: Fractions in Class 4 Math


Fractions are a fundamental concept in mathematics representing parts of a whole. In Class 4, students are introduced to the basics of fractions, exploring their meaning, representation, and application in various contexts.

  1. Understanding Fractions:

   –  Definition:  Recognizing that a fraction represents a part of a whole.

   –  Numerator and Denominator:  Understanding the components of a fraction.

  1. Proper and Improper Fractions:

   –  Proper Fractions:  Fractions where the numerator is less than the denominator.

   –  Improper Fractions:  Fractions where the numerator is equal to or greater than the denominator.

  1. Unit Fractions:

   –  Definition:  Identifying fractions with a numerator of 1.

   –  Representation:  Recognizing unit fractions on a number line.

  1. Equivalent Fractions:

   –  Definition:  Understanding that equivalent fractions represent the same part of a whole.

   –  Finding Equivalents:  Learning to find equivalent fractions through multiplication and division.

  1. Fractions on a Number Line:

   –  Representation:  Placing fractions on a number line for visualization.

   –  Comparing Fractions:  Understanding the relative size of fractions on a number line.

  1. Adding and Subtracting Fractions:

   –  Common Denominator:  Understanding the need for a common denominator to add or subtract fractions.

   –  Finding a Common Denominator:  Learning methods to find a common denominator.

  1. Fractions of a Set:

   –  Definition:  Recognizing that a fraction can represent a part of a set.

   –  Word Problems:  Solving word problems involving fractions of a set.

  1. Mixed Numbers:

   –  Definition:  Understanding mixed numbers as a combination of a whole number and a fraction.

   –  Conversion:  Learning to convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions.

  1. Multiplying and Dividing Fractions by Whole Numbers:

   –  Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers:  Understanding the concept of repeated addition.

   –  Dividing Fractions by Whole Numbers:  Understanding the concept of sharing equally.

  1. Practical Applications:

   –  Problem-Solving:  Solving real-world problems involving fractions.

   –  Everyday Fractions:  Recognizing the presence of fractions in daily life, e.g., recipes, measurements.


Fractions in Class 4 introduce students to the world of part-whole relationships and set the stage for more advanced concepts in later grades. Through hands-on activities, visual representations, and practical applications, students build a strong foundation in understanding and working with fractions.