Course Content
Theme 01: Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
Theme 02: Genetics
Theme 03: Absorption by Roots
Theme 04: Transpiration
Theme 05: Photosynthesis
Theme 06: Chemical Coordination in Plants
Theme 07: The Circulatory System
Theme 08:The Nervous System & Sense Organs
Theme 09: The Endocrine System
Theme 10. The Reproductive System
Theme 11. Population
Theme 12. Human Evolution
Theme 13. Pollution
Biology – 10
About Lesson

Theme 13: Pollution

1. Waste
– Understanding the concept of waste: Unwanted or discarded materials.
– Sources of waste: Household, industrial, and agricultural waste.
– The impact of improper waste disposal: Pollution and environmental degradation.

2. Types of Environmental Pollution
– Air Pollution: Sources, pollutants, and health effects.
– Water Pollution: Causes, types of pollutants, and consequences.
– Soil Pollution: Contaminants and ecological consequences.
– Noise Pollution: Sources, effects, and mitigation.
– Light Pollution: Causes and impacts on ecosystems and human health.
– Thermal Pollution: Causes and effects on aquatic ecosystems.
– Radioactive Pollution: Sources and dangers of radioactive substances.

3. Effects of Pollution on Climate and Environment
– Climate Change: The role of greenhouse gases and global warming.
– Ozone Depletion: Causes and consequences.
– Acid Rain: Formation, effects on the environment, and prevention.
– Deforestation: Environmental consequences and loss of biodiversity.
– Eutrophication: Causes and impact on aquatic ecosystems.
– Habitat Destruction: Impact on wildlife and ecosystems.
– Loss of Biodiversity: Factors leading to species extinction.

4. Euro/Bharat Stage Vehicular Standard
– Introduction to emission standards for vehicles.
– Euro/Bharat stages: Progression in emission control standards.
– The role of vehicle emissions in air pollution.
– The need for strict emission standards to reduce pollution.

5. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan – A National Campaign for Clean India
– Understanding Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: A nationwide cleanliness campaign.
– Objectives and initiatives of the campaign.
– The role of individuals and communities in maintaining cleanliness.
– The impact of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on public health and the environment.

Exercise Files
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