Course Content
Theme 01: Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
Theme 02: Genetics
Theme 03: Absorption by Roots
Theme 04: Transpiration
Theme 05: Photosynthesis
Theme 06: Chemical Coordination in Plants
Theme 07: The Circulatory System
Theme 08:The Nervous System & Sense Organs
Theme 09: The Endocrine System
Theme 10. The Reproductive System
Theme 11. Population
Theme 12. Human Evolution
Theme 13. Pollution
Biology – 10
About Lesson

Theme 02: Genetics – Unraveling the Code of Life

Welcome to the fascinating world of genetics! In Theme 02, we will embark on a captivating journey to explore the fundamental principles governing the inheritance of traits and the secrets hidden within our DNA. Genetics is the science that deciphers the blueprints of life, allowing us to understand how traits are passed from one generation to the next and how our unique characteristics are determined.

Course Introduction:

– Variations: We’ll begin by delving into the diversity of traits that make each individual unique. Discover how genetic variations underlie the myriad differences in the living world.

– Rules for the Inheritance of Traits: Uncover the rules and patterns that govern the transfer of genetic information from one generation to another. How do our genes determine our physical and biological traits?

– Mendel’s Contribution: Step into the world of Gregor Mendel, the father of modern genetics. Learn about his groundbreaking experiments with pea plants and how he laid the foundation for our understanding of inheritance.

– Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance: Explore the three key laws proposed by Mendel, which describe the fundamental principles of inheritance, including the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment.

How are Traits Expressed?: Understand the relationship between genotype (the genetic makeup) and phenotype (the observable traits). Learn how genes influence the physical and biochemical characteristics we possess.

– Sex Determination in Human Beings: Discover the genetic basis of sex determination in humans and how the presence or absence of specific sex chromosomes results in male or female development.

– Sex-linked Inheritance: Delve into the fascinating world of sex-linked traits, where certain genetic characteristics are linked to the sex chromosomes, often resulting in unique inheritance patterns.

Sex-linked Inheritance of Diseases: Explore the genetics behind inherited diseases, especially those that are linked to the X and Y chromosomes. Understand how these diseases are passed down and the challenges they pose to individuals and families.

Throughout this theme, you will gain a profound appreciation for the elegance and complexity of genetic inheritance. You will also learn how this knowledge has real-world applications in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and beyond. So, let’s embark on this genetic journey and unlock the mysteries of our biological inheritance!

Exercise Files
Fundamentals of Genetics.pdf
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