Course Content
Theme 01: Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
Theme 02: Genetics
Theme 03: Absorption by Roots
Theme 04: Transpiration
Theme 05: Photosynthesis
Theme 06: Chemical Coordination in Plants
Theme 07: The Circulatory System
Theme 08:The Nervous System & Sense Organs
Theme 09: The Endocrine System
Theme 10. The Reproductive System
Theme 11. Population
Theme 12. Human Evolution
Theme 13. Pollution
Biology – 10
About Lesson

Theme 12: Human Evolution Course Summary

In this theme, we explore the intriguing field of human evolution, tracing the path of our species from ancient ancestors to modern Homo sapiens. We delve into the theories and evidence that shed light on this remarkable journey.

Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Characters:
– Lamarck’s theory proposes that an organism can acquire traits during its lifetime and pass them on to its offspring. These acquired traits are thought to be influenced by the organism’s environment and experiences.

Basic Postulates of Lamarck’s Theory:
– Lamarck’s theory is based on the following fundamental postulates:
1. Use and Disuse: The idea that an organ or trait becomes more prominent if it is used frequently and diminishes if it is unused.
2. Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics: Traits acquired during an organism’s lifetime can be inherited by the next generation.

Evidence from Vestigial Organs:
– Vestigial organs are structures in the human body that have lost their original function over the course of evolution. They are considered remnants of ancestral traits. By studying vestigial organs such as the appendix, coccyx, and wisdom teeth, we can find evidence of our evolutionary history.

Darwin’s Theory of Evolution:
– Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection is a cornerstone of the understanding of human evolution. It posits that species evolve over time through the differential survival and reproduction of individuals with advantageous traits, leading to gradual changes in a population.

Human Evolution:
– We explore the fascinating journey of human evolution, which spans millions of years. Discover how early hominins, such as Australopithecus and Homo habilis, gave rise to our own species, Homo sapiens. Uncover the evidence in the fossil record that supports our understanding of human evolution, including the famous hominin species like Homo neanderthalensis and Homo erectus.

This theme offers a comprehensive overview of the theories and evidence that help us piece together the story of our species and our place in the tree of life. Explore the complexities of human evolution and gain a deeper appreciation for the processes that have shaped us as modern humans.

Exercise Files
Physical Health & Hygiene.pdf
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