Chemistry – 9

Class 9 Chemistry Course Summary

Theme 01: The Language of Chemistry

  • Introduction to the basic concepts of chemistry.
  • Understanding chemical symbols, formulas, and equations.
  • Learning the language and terminology used in chemistry.

Theme 02: Chemical Changes & Reactions

  • Exploring different types of chemical reactions (e.g., synthesis, decomposition, displacement).
  • Understanding the role of catalysts and inhibitors.
  • Balancing chemical equations.
  • Chemical equations for common reactions.

Theme 03: Water

  • Properties of water and its importance.
  • The water cycle and its impact on the environment.
  • Chemical properties and reactions involving water.
  • Water as a universal solvent.

Theme 04: Atomic Structure & Chemical Bonding

  • Atomic structure: subatomic particles (protons, neutrons, electrons).
  • The concept of atomic number and mass number.
  • Types of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent).
  • Formation and properties of compounds.

Theme 05: The Periodic Table

  • Introduction to the periodic table.
  • Arrangement of elements by atomic number and properties.
  • Understanding periods and groups.
  • Trends in chemical properties and reactivity.

Theme 06: Study of the First Element Hydrogen

  • Detailed study of the element hydrogen.
  • Properties, occurrence, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Preparation and storage of hydrogen.
  • Hydrogen as a fuel and its environmental impact.

Theme 07: Study of Gas Laws

  • Introduction to the behavior of gases.
  • Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, and Avogadro’s law.
  • Ideal gas equation (PV = nRT).
  • Applications of gas laws in everyday life.

Theme 08: Atmospheric Pollution

  • Understanding different types of air pollutants.
  • Sources and effects of air pollution.
  • Measures to control and reduce air pollution.
  • The role of chemistry in tackling environmental issues.

Practical Chemistry

  • Hands-on laboratory experiments to reinforce theoretical concepts.
  • Safety measures and laboratory equipment.
  • Performing experiments related to the themes covered in the course.
  • Data collection, analysis, and drawing conclusions.
  • Developing practical skills in observation, measurement, and experimentation.

This class 9 Chemistry course covers essential topics in chemistry, ranging from the fundamental language of chemistry to more advanced concepts like atomic structure, chemical bonding, and the periodic table. It also emphasizes the practical aspect of chemistry, allowing students to apply their knowledge through hands-on experiments. Additionally, the course addresses environmental concerns such as atmospheric pollution, highlighting the role of chemistry in solving real-world issues.

Biology – 10

Class 10 Biology Course Summary:

Theme 01: Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes

  • Cell division: The process of cell reproduction.
  • Cell cycle: The sequence of events in a cell’s life from division to division.
  • Phases of mitosis: The stages of cell division, including prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
  • Significance of mitosis: Ensures growth, repair, and replacement of cells.
  • Meiosis: Cell division for sexual reproduction, reducing chromosome number.
  • Significance of meiosis: Genetic diversity in offspring.
  • Chromosomes: Thread-like structures containing genetic material.
  • Structure of chromosomes: Composed of DNA and proteins.
  • Gene: Segment of DNA carrying genetic information.
  • DNA and its structure: Double helix with nucleotide building blocks.

Theme 02: Genetics

  • Variations: Differences in traits among individuals.
  • Mendel’s contribution: Gregor Mendel’s work on inheritance.
  • Mendel’s laws of inheritance: Principles governing the transmission of traits.
  • Traits expression: Genotype and phenotype.
  • Sex determination in human beings: XX (female) and XY (male) chromosomes.
  • Sex-linked inheritance: Genes located on sex chromosomes.
  • Inheritance of diseases: Genetic diseases.

Theme 03: Absorption by Roots

  • Root system: Plant’s underground organ for water and nutrient uptake.
  • Absorption of water: Essential for plant survival.
  • Active and passive transport: Mechanisms for water uptake.
  • Tonicity and plasmolysis: Osmotic concepts.
  • Turgidity and flaccidity: Cell pressure states.
  • Cohesive, adhesive forces, and transpirational pull: Mechanisms for water transport.
  • Root pressure: Force aiding water movement.

Theme 04: Transpiration

  • Types of transpiration: Cuticular, stomatal, and lenticular.
  • Factors affecting transpiration: Light, temperature, humidity, wind, and more.
  • Adaptations to reduce transpiration: Stomatal closure, reduced leaf surface.
  • Significance of transpiration: Water transport and cooling.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of transpiration.
  • Measurement of transpiration: Techniques.
  • Direct loss of water by plants.

Theme 05: Photosynthesis

  • Important events in photosynthesis: Light-dependent and light-independent reactions.
  • Requirements of photosynthesis: Light, water, carbon dioxide.
  • Mechanism of photosynthesis: Conversion of light energy into chemical energy.
  • End-products of photosynthesis: Glucose and oxygen.
  • Significance of photosynthesis: Basis of life, oxygen production.
  • Adaptations in leaves for photosynthesis: Chloroplasts.
  • Factors affecting photosynthesis.

Theme 06: Chemical Coordination in Plants

  • Tropic movements in plants: Growth responses to stimuli.
  • Plant growth regulators (hormones): Auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, and ethylene.

Theme 07: The Circulatory System

  • Blood: A vital fluid transporting oxygen and nutrients.
  • Blood group: ABO and Rh systems.
  • The heart: A muscular organ pumping blood.
  • Lymphatic system: Immune system support.

The Excretory System

  • Types of waste products: Nitrogenous waste.
  • Excretory organs in the human body: Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra.
  • Mechanism of urine formation: Filtration, reabsorption, secretion.
  • Significance of excretion: Removal of metabolic waste.
  • Haemodialysis: Artificial kidney.

Theme 9A: The Nervous System

  • Types of nervous actions: Reflex and voluntary.
  • Human nervous system: Central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral (nerves).
  • Nervous cells: Neurons.

Theme 9B: Sense Organs

  • Types of sensory receptors: Detect stimuli.
  • The eyes: Visual sensory organ.
  • Stereoscopic vision: Depth perception.
  • Adaptation of the eye: Focusing.
  • Defects of the eye: Myopia, hypermetropia, and more.
  • The ears: Auditory sensory organ.

Theme 10: The Endocrine System

  • Characteristics of hormones: Chemical messengers.
  • Glands: Secrete hormones.
  • Human endocrine system: Various glands and their functions.
  • Homeostasis and hormonal feedback system: Regulation of internal conditions.

Theme 11: The Reproductive System

  • Asexual reproduction: Reproduction without gametes.
  • Sexual reproduction: Fusion of gametes.
  • Sexual reproduction in human beings: Male and female reproductive systems.
  • Twins: Monozygotic and dizygotic twins.

Theme 12: Population

  • World population: Global demographics.
  • Population trend in India: Growth and distribution.
  • Reasons for unchecked growth of the population: High birth rates.
  • Population explosion: Rapid population growth.
  • Consequences of increasing population in India.
  • Population control: Measures to control population.

Theme 13: Human Evolution

  • Theory of inheritance of acquired characters: Lamarck’s theory.
  • Basic postulates of Lamarck’s theory.
  • Evidence from vestigial organs.
  • Darwin’s theory of evolution.
  • Human evolution: Evolutionary history of Homo sapiens.

Theme 14: Pollution

  • Waste: Environmental pollutants.
  • Types of environmental pollution: Air, water, soil pollution.
  • Effects of pollution on climate and environment.
  • Vehicular standards: Euro/Bharat stages.
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Clean India campaign.

ICSE Chemistry – 10

Welcome to Class 10 Chemistry, where we will explore the fascinating world of matter, its properties, and its transformations. Our journey through this course will be an exciting one, filled with discoveries, experiments, and a deeper understanding of the building blocks of our universe. Let’s begin our exploration by introducing the key themes of this course:

Theme 01: Periodic Properties and Variations of Properties (Physical and Chemical)

  • Get ready to dive into the periodic table and explore the patterns of elements. Discover how elements are organized based on their atomic structure and how this arrangement influences their physical and chemical properties.

Theme 02: Chemical Bonding

  • Explore the forces that hold atoms together in compounds. Learn about ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds and how these interactions shape the properties of different substances.

Theme 03: Acids, Bases, and Salts

  • Uncover the world of acids and bases, their properties, and their role in chemical reactions. Explore the formation and properties of salts and understand the principles of neutralization.

Theme 04: Analytical Chemistry (Uses of Ammonium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide)

  • Delve into the world of analytical chemistry and understand the uses of important reagents like ammonium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide in chemical analysis and laboratory experiments.

Theme 05: Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

  • The mole is a fundamental unit in chemistry. Explore the mole concept and stoichiometry, which is crucial for understanding the quantitative aspects of chemical reactions and reactions in specific proportions.

Theme 06: Electrolysis

  • Discover the process of electrolysis, where electrical energy is used to drive non-spontaneous chemical reactions. Understand how this technique is employed in various industries and applications.

Theme 07: Metallurgy

  • Venture into the world of metallurgy, where you’ll learn how metals are extracted from their ores, refined, and used in various industries.

Throughout this course, we will not only study these chemical concepts but also explore their real-world applications. Chemistry is not just about reactions in a lab; it’s about understanding the composition and behavior of matter, from the tiniest atoms to complex compounds.

Join us in this exciting journey through Class 10 Chemistry, where you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the science that shapes our everyday lives and the world around us.

ICSE Physics – 10

Welcome to the exciting world of Class 10 Physics! In this course, we will explore a diverse range of fascinating topics, from the fundamental principles of force and motion to modern physics and nuclear science. Let’s take a glimpse at the themes that will shape our journey:

Theme 01: Force, Turning Force, Centre of Gravity, and Uniform Circular Motion

  • Discover the concept of force, its units, and its various types.
  • Dive into the principles of turning force and the principle of moments.
  • Understand the conditions for a body to be in equilibrium.
  • Explore the notion of the center of gravity and the dynamics of uniform circular motion.

Theme 02: Machines as Force Multipliers

  • Uncover the inner workings of machines and their role as force multipliers.
  • Study levers, pulleys, gears, and inclined planes.
  • Explore the relationship between efficiency, mechanical advantage, and velocity ratio in ideal machines.

Theme 03: Work, Energy, and Power

  • Delve into the concepts of work and energy.
  • Understand kinetic and potential energy, along with their interconvertibility.
  • Explore the conservation of mechanical energy and the rate of doing work, known as power.

Theme 04: Refraction of Light at Plane Surfaces

  • Explore the fascinating world of light and its behavior when it passes through different mediums.
  • Learn about refraction, critical angles, and total internal reflection.
  • Understand how light interacts with prisms, mirrors, and lenses.

Theme 05: Refraction through Lenses and Dispersion of Light

  • Study the properties and formation of images by lenses.
  • Explore the dispersion of white light and the formation of spectra.
  • Discover the uses and properties of different radiations, including electromagnetic radiation.

Theme 06: Sound

  • Investigate the properties of sound, its speed, and its reflection.
  • Learn about echoes and reverberation, along with practical applications.
  • Understand the characteristics of musical sound and the concept of sound pollution.

Theme 07: Current Electricity

  • Explore the fundamentals of electricity, conductors, and insulators.
  • Study electric circuits, Ohm’s law, and resistance.
  • Delve into concepts related to electrical energy, power, and domestic electric circuits.

Theme 08: Magnetic Effects of Current – Electromagnetism

  • Understand the magnetic effects of electric current, including magnetic fields produced by conductors and coils.
  • Discover electromagnets, electric motors, and generators.
  • Learn about electromagnetic induction and the distinction between dynamos and motors.

Theme 09: Heat

  • Explore the concept of heat and temperature.
  • Study specific heat capacity, change of state, and latent heat.
  • Investigate principles of calorimetry and thermal measurements.

Theme 10: Modern Physics-1 Thermionic Emission

  • Dive into modern physics with an exploration of thermionic emission and the behavior of electrons in metals.

Theme 11: Modern Physics-2 Atomic Structure and Radioactivity

  • Examine the structure of atomic nuclei and the phenomena of radioactivity.
  • Learn about radiations from radioactive materials, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and their uses.
  • Explore the hazards of radioactivity and safety measures to mitigate them.

Throughout this course, you’ll develop a deeper understanding of the physical world, its underlying principles, and their practical applications. Physics is not only a subject but a gateway to unraveling the mysteries of the universe. Get ready to embark on this thrilling journey of Class 10 Physics!

ICSE Physics – 9

Theme 01: Measurement

This theme lays the foundation for scientific inquiry. We’ll explore the importance of accurate measurements and delve into the world of experiments, learning the essential skills needed to make precise observations and draw meaningful conclusions.

Theme 02: Motion in One Dimension

The study of motion is at the heart of physics. In this theme, we’ll focus on understanding the characteristics of motion along a straight line, examining concepts like speed, velocity, and acceleration.

Theme 03: Laws of Motion

Building on the understanding of motion, we’ll explore the fundamental laws that govern the dynamics of objects. Sir Isaac Newton’s laws of motion will be a key focus, providing insights into the forces acting on objects.

Theme 04: Pressure in Fluids and Atmospheric Pressure

This theme delves into the behavior of fluids and the concept of pressure. From exploring the atmospheric pressure that surrounds us to understanding how fluids exert pressure, this theme offers a comprehensive view of these phenomena.

Theme 05: Upthrust in Fluids, Archimedes Principles, and Floatation

Buoyancy is a fascinating aspect of fluid mechanics. We’ll explore the principles behind upthrust, learn about Archimedes’ contributions, and understand why objects float or sink in fluids.

Theme 06: Heat and Energy

The theme of heat and energy introduces us to the transfer of thermal energy and the principles of thermodynamics. We’ll explore concepts such as heat transfer, specific heat, and the laws governing energy transformations.

Theme 07: Reflection of Light

Moving into optics, this theme focuses on the behavior of light. We’ll study the laws of reflection, understand how mirrors work, and explore the formation of images through reflection.

Theme 08: Propagation of Sound Waves

Sound is a fascinating form of energy. In this theme, we’ll investigate the properties of sound waves, including their propagation, characteristics, and the factors influencing the speed of sound.

Theme 09: Current Electricity

Electricity powers much of our modern world. This theme delves into the basics of current electricity, exploring concepts such as electric circuits, Ohm’s Law, and the behavior of electrical components.

Theme 10: Magnetism

Magnetism is a fundamental force with a wide range of applications. In this theme, we’ll explore the principles of magnetism, study magnetic fields, and understand the behavior of magnetic materials.

Get ready for an engaging and intellectually stimulating exploration of the world of physics as we journey through these ten themes. Let the curiosity and excitement begin!

Science – Level 3

The ADMIRE Science for Upper Nursery Kids course allows students to learn about the natural world around them and discover the connection that all living and non living things have with each other. Children will learn about various topics that will give them a better understanding of things like plants, animals, matter, and energy, just to name a few.

All science courses are intended to allow individuals to understand the relationships that science, technology, and society share in our everyday world. Each subject uses laboratory, classroom, and technology activities to illustrate the nature of science and how scientific knowledge evolves.

Course Summary: Upper Nursery Science

1) Paws & Wings
– Introduction to animals with paws and wings
– Understanding the characteristics and functions of paws and wings
– Exploring different animals with these features
– Basic awareness of animal diversity

2) Our Beautiful Earth
– Appreciating the beauty of the Earth
– Learning about different landscapes and environments
– Understanding the importance of taking care of the environment
– Introduction to basic concepts of conservation

3) The World Around Us
– Observing and exploring the immediate surroundings
– Recognizing various elements in the environment
– Basic understanding of the interconnectedness of living and non-living things

4) Types of Plants
– Introduction to different types of plants
– Learning about the characteristics of trees, shrubs, and herbs
– Recognizing the diversity of plant life

5) Plants Grow from Seeds
– Understanding the life cycle of plants
– Observing the germination process
– Planting seeds and watching them grow

6) Food from Plants
– Recognizing plants as a source of food
– Identifying different plant-based foods
– Understanding the concept of a balanced diet

7) Knowing My Body
– Exploring the human body and its parts
– Learning about the basic functions of body organs
– Promoting body awareness and self-care

8) Meal Time
– Understanding the importance of meals
– Exploring different types of meals
– Basic table manners and hygiene practices during meals

9) Homes and Clothes
– Recognizing different types of homes
– Understanding the purpose of clothes
– Exploring the materials used in making clothes

10) Health = Happiness
– Emphasizing the connection between health and well-being
– Promoting healthy habits and practices
– Understanding the role of exercise, sleep, and hygiene in maintaining good health

11) The Sun, Moon, and the Stars
– Introduction to celestial bodies
– Learning about the sun, moon, and stars
– Basic awareness of day and night cycles

12) Nature Gives Us Water
– Understanding the importance of water
– Learning about the water cycle
– Exploring the sources of water and the need for conservation

Throughout the course, hands-on activities, interactive sessions, and age-appropriate demonstrations will be used to engage students in the learning process. The goal is to foster a sense of curiosity, appreciation for the natural world, and the development of basic scientific skills.

Science – Level 4

Science for Kindergarten Kids course allows students to learn about the natural world around them and discover the connection that all living and non living things have with each other. Children will learn about various topics that will give them a better understanding of things like plants, animals, matter, and energy, just to name a few.

All science courses are intended to allow individuals to understand the relationships that science, technology, and society share in our everyday world. Each subject uses laboratory, classroom, and technology activities to illustrate the nature of science and how scientific knowledge evolves.

Science – Level 2

The ADMIRE Science for Nursery Kids course allows students to learn about the natural world around them and discover the connection that all living and nonliving things have with each other. Children will learn about various topics that will give them a better understanding of things like plants, animals, matter, and energy, just to name a few.

All science courses are intended to allow individuals to understand the relationships that science, technology, and society share in our everyday world. Each subject uses laboratory, classroom, and technology activities to illustrate the nature of science and how scientific knowledge evolves.

Science – 5

All science courses are intended to allow individuals to understand the relationships that science, technology, and society share in our everyday world. Each subject uses laboratory, classroom, and technology activities to illustrate the nature of science and how scientific knowledge evolves.

Welcome to Class 5 Science, where curiosity meets discovery! Our science curriculum for Class 5 is designed to ignite a passion for exploration and understanding of the world around us. In this academic year, students will embark on a fascinating journey through various scientific themes, experiments, and hands-on activities that promote critical thinking and inquiry-based learning.

Course Overview: The Class 5 Science curriculum is divided into engaging themes, each unlocking a different realm of scientific knowledge. From exploring the wonders of the human body to unraveling the mysteries of the natural world, students will delve into exciting topics that stimulate their curiosity and encourage a deeper understanding of scientific principles.

Theme 1: Human Body – The Circulatory System
We’ll kick off our scientific voyage by delving into the amazing circulatory system of the human body. Get ready to explore the heart, blood, and blood vessels. Discover how they work together to keep you alive and healthy.

Theme 2: Human Body – The Skeletal System
In our second theme, we’ll journey through the human body again to study the skeletal system. Learn about the framework that supports your body and enables you to move. It’s like your body’s very own structure!

Theme 3: Food and Health
Food is not just about satisfying your taste buds; it’s the fuel for your body. We’ll explore what makes up a balanced diet, the hazards of junk food, and ways to make your diet healthier. Dive into the world of diseases related to unhealthy diets and discover the importance of nutrition.

Theme 4: Pollination
Now, let’s venture into the world of plants. Explore the intricate process of pollination, how flowers work, and the differences between monosexual and bisexual flowers.

Theme 5: Plant Reproduction
Plants have fascinating ways to reproduce. We’ll study how they do it through stems, leaves, roots, and seeds. Dive into the structure of a seed and how they germinate. Plus, find out how seeds are dispersed to grow new plants.

Theme 6: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Matter makes up everything around us. We’ll investigate the three states of matter: solids, liquids, and gases. This theme will help you understand the fundamental building blocks of the universe.

Theme 7: Interdependence in Living Beings – Plants and Animals
In this theme, we’ll explore how living beings, including plants, humans, and animals, depend on each other. Learn about the classifications of animals based on interdependence and understand the flow of energy in nature. Discover the delicate balance that keeps our ecosystems thriving.

Theme 8: Sound and Noise
Ever wondered about the science behind sound and noise? We’ll uncover the fascinating world of sound as a form of energy. Study how objects and living beings create sounds, and explore the difference between pleasant sounds and noise. We’ll also discuss the impact of noise pollution on our environment.

Theme 9: Work and Energy
Our final theme delves into the concept of work and energy. Learn how work is done and how energy is involved in these processes. It’s the perfect way to wrap up our exploration of the natural world.

Throughout this course, we will conduct exciting experiments, engage in interactive discussions, and discover the wonders of science all around us. Get ready to ask questions, make observations, and expand your knowledge about the world we live in. Science is an incredible journey, and we’re about to embark on it together. So, fasten your seatbelts, Class 5, and get ready to explore the mysteries of the universe!

Hands-On Learning: Our curriculum emphasizes hands-on learning experiences. Students will have the opportunity to engage in exciting experiments, scientific inquiries, and real-world applications of the concepts they learn in the classroom. This approach not only reinforces theoretical knowledge but also fosters a love for exploration and discovery.

Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving: Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to think critically, ask questions, and solve problems. By developing these skills, students will not only understand scientific concepts but also apply them to real-world scenarios.

Interactive and Collaborative: Our classroom environment is interactive and collaborative, promoting teamwork and communication. Students will have the chance to share their ideas, work together on projects, and develop a sense of scientific community.

Get ready to embark on a scientific adventure in Class 5 Science! Together, we will explore, experiment, and uncover the wonders of the natural world. Let the journey of discovery begin!

Science – 4

Class 4 Science Course Introduction

Welcome to the exciting world of science in Class 4! In this academic year, our science curriculum aims to cultivate curiosity, foster a love for exploration, and lay the foundation for understanding the fundamental principles of the natural world. This course is designed to engage students in hands-on activities, experiments, and real-world applications to make science come alive.

Course Objectives:

1. Curiosity and Inquiry: Encourage students to ask questions, make observations, and develop a curiosity-driven mindset towards the world around them.

2. Basic Scientific Concepts: Introduce fundamental concepts in physics, chemistry, biology, and environmental science in an age-appropriate and engaging manner.

3. Hands-on Learning: Provide opportunities for hands-on experiments and activities to enhance understanding and retention of scientific principles.

4. Critical Thinking: Foster critical thinking skills by encouraging students to analyze, predict, and draw conclusions based on their observations and experiments.

5. Interdisciplinary Connections: Explore connections between science and other subjects, such as mathematics, language arts, and social studies.

Themes Covered:

1. Measurement: Learn the basics of measurement, including length, mass, and volume. Engage in practical activities to understand how to use measuring tools.

2. Light: Explore the properties of light, its behavior, and its applications in daily life. Investigate the concepts of reflection, refraction, and color.

3. Materials and Solutions: Understand different types of materials, their properties, and how they can be combined to create solutions. Explore the concept of recycling and sustainable materials.

4. Air: Dive into the world of air, studying its composition, properties, and its role in various natural phenomena. Discuss climate, weather, and the importance of clean air.

5. Plants in the Surroundings and Environment: Explore the vital role of plants in ecosystems, their adaptations, and their impact on the environment. Learn about conservation and the significance of green spaces.

6. Adaptations in Animals: Delve into the diverse world of animal adaptations, including structural, behavioral, and physiological adaptations. Understand how animals survive and thrive in different environments.

7. Push and Pull: Introduce the concept of forces, focusing on push and pull. Explore everyday examples, the effects of forces on motion, and simple machines.

8. Friction as a Force: Understand the force of friction, its types, and its impact on motion. Explore ways to reduce friction and its practical applications.

9. Science and Technology: Connect scientific principles with technology. Explore how innovations in science have shaped the world and continue to influence our daily lives.

10. Scientific Method and Inquiry: Develop an understanding of the scientific method, encouraging students to form hypotheses, conduct experiments, and draw conclusions.

Assessment and Evaluation:

Assessment will be conducted through a combination of quizzes, hands-on projects, class participation, and periodic examinations. The emphasis is not only on acquiring knowledge but also on applying scientific concepts in practical scenarios.

Get ready for an exciting journey of discovery and exploration in Class 4 Science! Let’s make learning science an adventure filled with wonder and understanding.